Applied Behavior Analysis: Chapter 4 Vocabulary Review

October 28, 2019 No Comments

This week I will be going over Chapter 4 Measuring Behavior in the book, “Applied Behavior Analysis,” by Cooper, Heron, and Heward. This week I am going to go over the vocabulary, since it is important to understand the terms. All the information taken for this blog comes from pages 73-100 of the book.

Repeatability – Instances of a response class can occur repeatedly through time (behavior can be counted) (page 76)

Temporal Extent – Every instance of behavior occurs during the same amount of time (duration of behavior can be measured) (page 76)

Temporal Locus – Every instance of behavior occurs at a certain point in time with respect to other events (when the behavior occurs can be measured) (page 76)

Rate – A ratio of count per observation period; it is often expressed as count per standard unit of time. (page 76)

Free Operant –  Behaviors that have  discrete onsets and offsets, do not depend on discriminative stimuli, involve minimal displacement if the organism in time and space (upon completion of one response, the organism is immediately ready to emit another response in the class). (page 77-78)

Discrete Trials  – Any operant whose response rate is controlled by a given opportunity to emit the response. Each discrete response occurs when an opportunity to respond exists. (page 78)

Celeration –  A measure of how rates of response change over time. (page 78)

Latency – A measure of the elapsed time between the onset of a stimulus and a subsequent response. (page 79)

Interresponse Time – The amount of time that elapses between two consecutive instances of a response class. (page 80)

Percentage – A ratio formed by combining the same dimensional quantities, such as count or time. (page 80)

Trials-to-Criterion – A measure of the number of response opportunities needed to achieve a predetermined level of performance. (page 81)

Topography – The physical shape or form of a behavior. (page 82)

Magnitude – The force or intensity with which a response is emitted. (page 83)

Event Recording – Encompasses a wide variety of procedures for detecting and recording the number or times a behavior of interest occurs. (page 83)

Time Sampling – Refers to a variety of methods for observing and recording behavior during intervals or at specific moments in time. (page 88)

Whole Interval Recording – The observation period is divided into a series of equal time intervals. At the end of each interval, they record whether the target behavior occurred throughout the entire interval. Often used to measure continuous behaviors. (page 88)

Partial Interval Recording – The observation period is divided into a series of equal time intervals. At the end of each interval, they record whether the target behavior occurred throughout the entire interval. (page 90)

Momentary Time Sampling – The observation period is divided into a series of time i

ntervals. At the end of each interval, they record whether the target behavior is occurring at that specific moment. (page 90)

Planned Activity Check (PLACHECK) – A variation of momentary time sampling in which the observer records whether each individual in a group is engaged in the target behavior. (page 91)

Artifiact –  A phenomenon that appears to exist becasue of the way it is examined or measured. (page 92)

Measurement By Permanent Product – Measuring behavior after it has occurred by measuring its effects on the environment. (page 93)

I hope this helps everyone with the vocabulary. Again this is chapter 4 on pages 73-100 and this is where I got all of my information. Have fun studying!

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